The holding of this summit is no coincidence. It is organised within the framework of increasing insecurity in the Gulf of Guinea. National and sub-regional policies intended to curb this scourge have not paid off. Consequently, there is increasing insecurity for persons and their wealth which threatens the economic growth and stability of neighbouring States. The main States concerned are: Benin, Togo and Nigeria and to a lesser extent, the member states of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS).
The UN Security Council adopted Resolution 2039 in February 29, 2012, recommending the organisation of a summit on maritime safety and security in the GG by the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), and the Gulf of Guinea Commission (GGC).
Participants to the Yaounde summit are expected to set up a regional strategy against this phenomenon, enhance national legislations and harmonise measures put in place by member States of the region on maritime issues. All these indicate that the Yaounde summit shall take place in absolute unity.